42nd Infantry Regiment was organized at Salibury, North Carolina, in April, 1862. The men were recruited in the counties of Davidson, Rowan, Stanly, Davie, and Mecklenburg. In June it moved to Lynchburg, Virginia, and guarded prisoners captured in Jackson's Valley Campaign. Later the unit served in North Carolina at Tarboro, along the Chowan River, and at Wilmington. Assigned to General Martin's and Kirkland's Brigade, it fought at Cold Harbor, took its place in the Petersburg trenches, and ended the war with the Army of Tennessee. This unit lost 6 killed and 48 wounded at Ware Bottom Church and had 1 killed, 2 wounded, and 74 missing at Sugar Loaf. It surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels John E. Brown and George C. Gibbs, Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Bradshaw, and Majors Thomas J. Brown and Davidson A. Underwood.
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