Author Topic: Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]  (Read 1507 times)

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Offline Viriathus

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Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]
« on: February 15, 2014, 12:31:17 pm »
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Batalhão de Inf. n.º 7 Corpo Expedicionário Português
***


The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP, Portuguese: Corpo Expedicionário Português) was the main military force from Portugal that fought in the Western Front, during World War I. Portuguese neutrality ended in 1916 after the seizure of German merchant ships resulted in Germany declaring war. The expeditionary force was raised soon after and included around 55,000 soldiers.
***
The CEP was shipped to France in early 1917, where the first groups received training in trench warfare and were equipped with British small arms. The first units began to deploy in May, and a sector of the frontline was fully held by the CEP by November; by the end of October, just under 60,000 troops had been sent to France.
From the 6 November 1917, CEP took charge of the whole "Portuguese Sector" of the Western Front, with a total 18 km frontage. In accordance with the Ally practice, the Sector included three lines of defense. The 1st Line of Defense included the Front Line (A-Line), the Support Line (B-Line) and the Reserve Line (C-Line). The 2nd Line included the Village Line (brigade headquarters line) and the Corps Line. Finally, the Army Line formed the 3rd Line of Defense.
The Portuguese Sector was divided in four brigade sectors. Each brigade had two battalions in the front (each defending a sub-sector of the brigade sector), one battalion in support and another in reserve. Each of the CEP's two divisions controlled two brigade sectors, having a third brigade in reserve.
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Battles in the Lys


The morning of 9 April found the CEP's 2nd Division with its 4th Brigade (Minho Brigade) in the frontline at the North, its 6th Brigade at the Center and its 5th Brigade at the South. In a rear position, the 3rd Brigade (left as a reinforcement by the 1st Division) was in reserve.At about the 4am, the Germans started the Battle of the Lys with a violent bombardment, that lasted about two hours,
made by 1700 artillery guns concentrated in front of the Portuguese sector. Despite the tremendous disadvantage, the Portuguese artillery immediately responded to the fire with their 80 guns.
At 7am, eight German divisions (35th Infantry, 42nd Infantry, 1st Bavarian Reserve and 8th Bavarian Reserve in the first wave and 8th Infantry, 117th Infantry, 81st Reserve and 10th Ersatz in the second wave) attacked the Portuguese line, with a manpower of around 100,000 men against the 20,000 Portuguese defenders.The 4th Portuguese Brigade (defending the northern sector, with the 8th and 20th infantry battalions in the front line, the 29th in support and the 3rd in reserve) was attacked by the 42nd German Division. The 8th Battalion, reinforced by the 29th, valiantly resisted in the first line to the assault. By the 8am, the left flank of the Portuguese forces started to be enveloped by the Germans, that penetrated by the gaps opened by the collapse and fall back of the 40th British Division's 119th Brigade. Under the German pressure, the Portuguese retreated to Laventie (4th Brigade's HQ), where
they made the last stand, being overran by the 11am.The 35th German Division assaulted the central sector, defended by the 6th Portuguese Brigade, quickly overruning its battalions in the front line (1st and 2nd battalions).The southern sector was assaulted by the 1st and 8th Bavarian Reserve divisions. The 8th Bavarian Reserve overruned the 17th Battalion of the Portuguese 5th Brigade in the front line and the 11th Battalion of the 6th Brigade, which was in support.The 5th Brigade's 10th Battalion in the front line and the 4th in support were able to hold and slow the progression of the 1stBavarian Reserve Division. Finally, the 1st Bavarian Reserve was able to reach the 5th Brigade's HQ in Canse du Raux,overruning it at 1pm, with the brigade commander, Colonel Manuel Martins, being killed in the combat.By the 10:30am, the Portuguese artillery batteries – which never stopped to fire even after the infantry positionsthat defended them have been annihilated – started to be overran by the German forces. Most of them were ableto resist and continue to fire until 11am.The bulk of 2nd Division ceased to exist as a fighting formation, retreating in such disarray that the divisional HQ had to relocate twice on 9 April.

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The remnants of the CEP were withdrawn for rear-area pioneer and security duties, though the 1st Division would later be returned to the front line for a short period. On the 16 June 1918, the 1st Division, complemented with British units, replaced the 14th British Division in the defense of the Liliers-Steenbekque line.

In September 1918, already under the command of General Garcia Rosado, the remnants of the CEP started to be reorganized in order to reenter combat. The objective was to form three brigades, composed of nine infantry battalions, that were to be organized with the remnants of the former CEP's original infantry units. By the end of October, four battalions were already combat capable. These four infantry battalions (I, IV, VIII and IX battalions), together with several artillery, engineers, heavy machine guns and other remaining CEP's units, participated in the Hundred Days Offensive.The last Portuguese combat action in World War I happened on the same day of the armistice. On the 11 November 1918, under the command of Captain Barros Bastos, the 4th Company of the IV Infantry Battalion (former 23rd Battalion of the 1st Division) made the last assault against the Germans on the passage of the Scheldt river, Belgium.
***


***

Field & Company Officers

Maj - Major

Cpt - Capitão

Ten - Tenente

Alf - Alferes
Non-Commisioned Officers

SgtM - Sargento-Mor

SgtC - Sargento-Chefe

Sgt-Sargento

Frl - Furriel
Enlisted

CboA - Cabo-Adjunto

Cbo - Cabo

Sld - Soldado

Pra - Praça




***
Field & Company Officers: 3

Maj - Major - Viriato 
Cpt - Capitão - Lamarque
Ten - Tenente - Thorny


Non-Commisioned Officers: 2

Sgt - Sargento - Kracken 
Frl - Furriel - Predator

Enlisted: 40

CboA - Cabo-Adjunto - Punkikid
Cbo - Cabo - DAE
Cbo - Cabo - Gray175
Cbo - Cabo - Macnooby - Support
Cbo - Cabo - Nelson
Cbo - Cabo - Retard p4in_kil3r
Cbo - Cabo - Ugur - Medic
Cbo - Cabo - Von Alten - Sapper
Sld - Soldado - Alien
Sld - Soldado - AsrynChanga
Sld - Soldado - Ben
Sld - Soldado - Cola
Sld - Soldado - Cpl. Diogo[PT]
Sld - Soldado - DeLaCroix
Sld - Soldado - Dimdie
Sld - Soldado - Eaglecoppu
Sld - Soldado - Finnerz
Sld - Soldado - Firefly
Sld - Soldado - Frodo
Sld - Soldado - Issa
Sld - Soldado - Klauss Marcellus
Sld - Soldado - Lusitano
Sld - Soldado - Lord Galbart Glover
Sld - Soldado - Morgan
Sld - Soldado - Myztic - Medic
Sld - Soldado - Nathen771
Sld - Soldado - Navada
Sld - Soldado - PatadaNaBoca
Sld - Soldado - Philis
Sld - Soldado - Phoenix
Sld - Soldado - PyrosZ
Sld - Soldado - Roenne
Sld - Soldado - SnifaTudo
Sld - Soldado - Sir.Umutii
Sld - Soldado - St_pesko
Sld - Soldado - Tuff
Pra - Praça - Fg^ Glove
Pra - Praça - LendarioPT
Pra - Praça - Wivern




The portugese expeditionary corps aims to provide a calm environment for all members of the group. It is a primarily rifle regiment fighting for the allied forces, and includes a variety of roles in the regiment, including Sniper, Sapper and Machine Gunner. If you would like to join an English-speaking, EU regiment add Viriato on steam
« Last Edit: February 17, 2014, 01:26:47 pm by Viriathus »

Offline Viriathus

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Re: Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]
« Reply #1 on: February 15, 2014, 12:31:53 pm »
Reserved

Offline Viriathus

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Re: Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]
« Reply #2 on: February 15, 2014, 03:25:06 pm »
Thank you to VonAlten for helping me with the thread :)

Offline Von Alten

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Re: Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]
« Reply #3 on: February 15, 2014, 03:52:13 pm »
Double post blashemy
I'm bullying you, 14e became master on bullies
 
 
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Offline Von Alten

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Re: Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]
« Reply #4 on: February 15, 2014, 04:47:50 pm »
promotion4fred pls Viri

Spoiler
and dat double post  :'(
[close]
I'm bullying you, 14e became master on bullies
 
 
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Offline Viriathus

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Re: Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]
« Reply #5 on: February 16, 2014, 10:53:54 am »
look again then :P

Offline Von Alten

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Re: Portuguese Expeditionary Corps - CEP - [EU]
« Reply #6 on: February 18, 2014, 10:58:52 am »
YAY
I'm bullying you, 14e became master on bullies
 
 
14e_SoP_Alten | 2pp_Fiz_Alten | 1oCaz_Cpl_Alten