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Offline Bluehawk

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Russian Napoleonic ranks
« on: January 26, 2022, 08:22:22 am »
Since the Holdfast forums got deleted and the old Taleworlds threads are a mess, I decided to post this old table of mine here for posterity, although I don't think any NW regiments will make use of it. Where you see "dittos" to save space, look along the same row to the left.

Ranks of the Russian Empire, 1802-1826, divided by branch and regimental type

Table of Ranks grade
Infantry
Cavalry (including Cossacks)
Artillery
Navy
I
Генерал-фельдмаршал
 - General-fel'dmarshal - General-Field-Marshal
Ditto
Ditto
Генерал-адмирал - General-admiral
II
Генерал-от-Инфантерии - General-ot-Infanterii
 - General of the Infantry
Генерал-от-Кавалерии - General-ot-Kavalerii
 - General of the Cavalry
Генерал-от-Артиллерии - General-ot-Artillerii
 - General of the Artillery
Адмирал - Admiral
III
Генерал-Лейтенант - General-Leytenant
 - Lieutenant-General
Ditto
Ditto
Вице-Адмирал - Vitse-admiral - Vice-Admiral
IV
Генерал-Майор - General-Mayor
 - Major-General
Ditto
Ditto
Контр-Адмирал - Kontr-admiral - Rear-Admiral
V
n/a
n/a
n/a
Капитан-Командор - Kapitan-Komandor - Captain-Commodore

Table of Ranks grade
Grenadiers, Musketeers and Naval Infantry
Jägers
Dragoons
Cuirassiers
Hussars
Uhlans
Cossacks
Artillery
Navy
VI
Полковник - Polkovnik - Colonel
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Капитан 1-го ранга - Kapitan pervogo ranga - Captain of the First Rank
VII
Подполковник - Podpolkovnik - Lieutenant Colonel
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Капитан 2-го ранга - Kapitan vtorogo ranga - Captain of the Second Rank
VIII
Майор - Mayor - Major
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Войсковой Старшина - Voyskovoy Starshina - Host Elder (Major)
Майор
Капитан-Лейтенант - Kapitan-Leytenant - Captain-Lieutenant
IX
Капитан - Kapitan - Captain
Ditto
Ditto
Ротмистр - Rotmistr - Rittmeister or Captain
Ditto
Ditto
Есаул - Yesaul - Chief or Captain
Капитан
Лейтенант - Leytenant - Lieutenant
X
Штабс-Капитан - Shtabs-Kapitan - Staff-Captain
Ditto
Ditto
Штабс- Ротмистр - Shtabs-Rotmistr - Staff-Rittmeister or Staff-Captain
Ditto
Ditto
n/a
Штабс-Капитан
n/a
XII
Поручик - Poruchik - Lieutenant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Сотник - Sotnik - Centurion or Lieutenant
Поручик
Мичман - Michman - Midshipman
XIII
Подпоручик - Podporuchik - Second Lieutenant
Ditto
Ditto
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
Подпоручик
n/a
XIV
Прапорщик - Praporshchik - Ensign
Ditto
Прапорщик
Корнет - Kornet - Cornet
Ditto
Ditto
Хорунжий - Khorunzhiy - Khorungv-bearer - or Cornet
n/a
n/a
NCOs
5
Фельдфебель - Fel'dfebel' - Feldwebel or Sergeant Major
Ditto
Вахмистр - Vakhmistr - Wachtmeister or Sergeant Major
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Старший Урядник - Starshiy Uryadnik - Senior NCO
Фельдфебель
Боцман - Botsman - Boatswain
4
Портупей-Прапорщик - Portupey-Praporshchik - Swordbelt-Ensign or Distinguished Officer Candidate
Портупей-Юнкер - Portupey-Yunker - Swordbelt-Junker
n/a
n/a
n/a
Портупей-Юнкер
n/a
Портупей-Юнкер
Боцманмат - Botsmanmat - Boatswain's Mate
3
Подпрапорщик - Podpraporshchik - Sub-Ensign or Officier Candidate
Юнкер - Yunker - Junker
Фанен-Юнкер - Fanen-yunker - Fahnenjunker
Эстандарт-Юнкер - Estandart-yunker - Standartenjunker
Юнкер
Ditto
n/a
Юнкер
Гардемарин - Gardemarin - Garde de la Marine or Officer Candidate
2
Каптенармус - Kaptenarmus - Capitaine d'Armes or Supply Sergeant
n/a
Квартирмейстер - Kvartirmeyster - (Squadron) Quartermaster
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
n/a
n/a
Квартирмейстер
1
Младший Унтер-Офицер - Mladshiy Unter-Ofitser - Junior NCO or Corporal
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Младший Урядник - Mladshiy Uryadnik - Junior NCO
Фейерверкер - Feyerwerker - Feuerwerker or Corporal
n/a
Privates
2
Гренадер - Grenader - Grenadier /
Стрелок - Strelok - Sharpshooter
Ditto
Фланкер - Flanker -
Mounted Skirmisher with a rifled carbine
Ditto
Ditto
Товарищ - Tovarishch - Towarzysz or Lancer in the front rank/
Фланкер
n/a
Бомбардир - Bombardir - Bombardier /
Канонир - Kanonir - Cannoneer
n/a
1
Фузилёр - Fuzilyor - Fusilier/
Мушкетёр - Mushketyor - Musketeer
Егерь - Yeger' - Jäger
Драгун - Dragun - Dragoon
Кирасир - Kirasir - Cuirassier
Гусар - Gusar - Hussar
Шеренговый - Sherengovyy - Private in the second rank
Казак - Kazak - Cossack
Гантлангер - Gantlanger - Handlanger
Матрос - Matros - Seaman

Taken from the Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire:
Infantry and cavalry tables for 1802 - No. 20,252.
Artillery tables for 1802 - No. 20,672.
Cossack officer rank equivalencies - No. 18,673.
Cossack regimental personnel for 1803 - No. 20,921.
Naval Crew tables for 1804 - No. 21,146.
Ensigns added to Jäger regiments - No. 22,200.
Infantry reorganization in 1810 - Nos. 24,400 and 24,406.
1796 Infantry Regulations - No. 17,588.
1796 Cavalry Regulations - No. 17,589.

General reference for the Table of Ranks:
Leonid Shepelyov, Titles, Uniforms and Orders of the Russian Empire (Moscow: Tsentrpoligraf, 2005).
http://gosudarstvo.voskres.ru/army/range-table.htm


Notes:
-The "Table of Ranks" was a formal system of comparing ranks across different branches of state service, with associated titles, addresses, paygrades and eligibility for promotion and decoration, but only for the nobility, so the lowest grade on the table was XIV for the rank of ensign. The grade of XI only existed in the civil service ranks so it's omitted from the table. Enlisted ranks below the table are numerated separately in Arabic numerals for clarity.
-Staff-captains were functionally the same as full captains, but commanded the staff-companies (companies nominally commanded by a staff-officer such as the Regimental Chief, regimental commander or one of the majors) in the absence of its nominal head. Therefore, when there are 5 staff-officers in a regiment for example, then there should be 5 staff-captains and the remainder of the companies/squadrons are taken by full captains.
-Besides the dragoons, the rank of second lieutenant did not exist in the cavalry and its place in the squadron was filled by another cornet.
-Despite the name, the Cossack squadron called the "сотня - sotnya" was nominally commanded by a "yesaul" (captain) and not the "sotnik" (lieutenant).
-The rank of sub-ensign and swordbelt-ensigns (and their cavalry counterparts) were typically filled by nobles serving temporarily as NCOs and as such, were effectively officer candidates. They also served as colour-bearers in their battalions. Though there were nominally one of each type in every company, so that each battalion had 8 officer candidates, each battalion of infantry only had two banners. The swordbelt-ensign differed from the sub-ensign in the right to carry an officer's sword and swordknot and promotion to the swordbelt-ensigns had to be approved from the Emperor himself. Both of these ranks could be filled by commoners from the junior NCOs (corporals) if no nobleman could fill the vacancy. The swordbelt-ensign/junker does not appear in the cavalry tables for any type except the uhlan regiments, but the rank could theoretically be created for a distinguished junker at the behest of the Regimental Chief.
-The hussars and uhlans generally had no standards, except for the Lithuanian-Tatar and Polish Horse, the Pavlograd Hussars who were awarded Georgian standards in 1807 for the 1805 battle of Schöngrabern, and the Sumy and Izyum Hussars who only received theirs after the wars. So the junkers of those branches nominally lack the "standard-" prefix.
-Jäger regiments didn't carry banners before 1837 and musketeer regiments converted into Jägers (33rd and above) turned theirs in to nearby arsenals. Their noble NCOs were called junkers.
-Capitaine d'Armes and cavalry Quartermasters were responsible for their company/squadron's weapons and equipment.
-An NCO rank of "фурьер - fur'yer - fourrier" was formally listed in the 1796/98 tables, but from 1802 onward it existed only as a post held by some other NCO in the company. Their duty was to establish and maintain lodgings or quarters in camp ahead of the army on the march and secure forage for horses. In these duties they answered to the regimental quartermaster and general-quartermasters. An alternative name for this post was "квартирьер - kvartir'yer - Quartierherr".
-All NCOs from the nobility may be generally referred to as "junkers".
-From 1810 onward, grenadier companies were split into a heavy and light platoon; the members of which being "grenadiers" and "sharpshooters". The heavy platoon took its place on the battalion's right flank as the 1st platoon, the light on the left as the 8th.
-The regular companies, comprising the center platoons 2 through 7, were called fusiliers for grenadier battalions, musketeers for musketeer/infantry battalions, and Jägers for Jäger battalions.
-Gardes de la Marine are naval cadets with NCO rank attached to war vessels for a time before receiving an officer's rank, and are equivalated with the sub-ensigns of the Army for simplicity's sake.
-Flankers were 12-16 privates in the cavalry squadrons armed with rifled carbines that could be detached to skirmish. They can otherwise be referred to as cuirassiers, dragoons, hussars etc.
-The two types of private in the uhlan regiments may be referred to simply as "улан - ulan - uhlan".
-Bombardiers were senior to Cannoniers and drew a larger salary, but were functionally the same. Hanglangers were primarily labourers, assisted the bombadiers and cannoniers, and were junior to both.
-The two degrees of private shown on this table are equal in rank, but not necessarily equal in the wages they drew, and the higher row is the more prestigious or elite role.
-All privates can otherwise be referred to as "рядовой - ryadovoy - literally 'pertaining to the files' or 'ranker'", although regulations stressed that grenadiers and sharpshooters should be addressed by those titles to recognize their distinction and instill pride. Indeed transfer to the grenadier company in a battalion could be used as an award, and transfer back to the center companies as a punishment.
-A trusted and experienced private soldier could be given the special designation of "ефрейтор - yefreytor" from the German "Gefreiter", which exempted him from standing sentry duty and instead permitted him to command a small detachment on guard. As guardsmen, they carried their muskets at the right shoulder and presented arms by holding it vertical at arm's length as an NCO would hold his halberd in the 18th century. They could also serve as instructors or fuglemen during training. Gefreiters had no other special duties in battle or on labour detail and are not listed in the prescribed personnel tables from 1798 or 1802. The 1796 Infantry Regulations called for each company to have at least 15 gefreiters and they were the pool of men from which new corporals were promoted during vacancies, being the best privates. When a gefreiter had to temporarily fill the role of an NCO in the line without formal promotion, he was referred to as a "вице-унтер-офицер, vitse-unter-ofitser, vice-non-commissioned officer".
« Last Edit: January 28, 2022, 09:46:16 pm by Bluehawk »

Offline Ted

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Re: Russian Napoleonic ranks
« Reply #1 on: January 26, 2022, 09:16:58 pm »
Great work!

Offline Ambiguous

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Re: Russian Napoleonic ranks
« Reply #2 on: January 26, 2022, 09:21:57 pm »
альфа-самец